عنوان مقاله [English]
The literature of the Qur'an is based on rhetorical styles, and the motivational language of the Qur'an arises from the evocative nature of the verses towards its reader, to arouse the cheerful spirit in the audience and make them more inclined to understand the verses. For this purpose, in the present research, in a descriptive-analytical method, the motivational structure related to the predicate in the nominal sentences based on semantic science has been studied and witnessed from Surah Al-Munafiqun and other verses have been mentioned. Among the motivating structures in this field, we can state mentioning or removing the predicate, defining or denoting, relative pronouns, using the apparent noun, the functions of the predicate, etc,. each of them pursues a specific motivational literary structure, and understanding of which plays an important role in identifying the motivational language of the Qur'an .For example in words, they say: " They say, ‘When we return to the city, the mighty will surely expel the weak from it.’ Yet all might belongs to Allah and His Apostle and the faithful, but the hypocrites do not know. …"(Munafighun Surah, 8), it is mentioned for the verb (to leave) the subject (the dearest), and in fact the subject is in the form of pre-eminent noun with the deletion of the pronoun, and the deletion of the pronoun makes the adjective more prominent and more appealing to the audience to understand its meaning. Motivational tools have been used in the structure of Surah Al-Munafiqun. Of course, not to attract the hypocrites to religion, but to know the audience better than the hypocrites. Because the hypocrites blocked their way of communication.